Types of Hearing loss

Conductive Hearing loss:- It occurs when there is problem in conducting sound waves anywhere in Outer ear, Tympanic membrane (Ear drum) or Middle ear ossicles, Eustachian tube.

Sensorineural hearing loss:-This type of loss seen due to inner ear damage,  or if there is a problem in nerve pathways from the inner ear to the brain, this is most commonly seen in geriatrics populations. Most of the time medicine or surgery can not fix sensorineural hearing loss.

Mixed hearing loss:- it is a combination of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.

When to visit Audiologist:-

when a person feels that he/she is hearing less.

Blocking the sensation in the ears.

when never you need to strain to listen or then if you have to keep asking the person to repeat the sentences again and again.

Trauma to the ear/Head

Ringing sound in the ear.

Whenever a person has been exposed to a  Sudden loud sound.

When you ask for repetition during the conversation.

Unable to listen television.

In case of infant/child:-

No response to the sound

Cleft lip and palate

Presence of high bilirubin(Jaundice)

Delay birthcry (Hypoxia)

Ear discharge

No development in speech and language.

Unclear speech/Inadequate speech and language.

Audiological Assessment: (Diagnosis of Hearing):-

Audiometry/Pure tone Audiometry(PTA):- It is a procedure to measure hearing threshold in terms of quantity and quality which is represented on graphical Audiogram.

To conduct the Audiogram we require sound proof/sound treated room.

Audiogram with Degree of Hearing loss.

Audiometry room

Impedance Audiometry/Tympanometry:-

Audiometry/Pure tone Audiometry(PTA):- It is objective test used to examine middle ear conditions, Mobility of the ear drum/ossicles, Function of Eustachian tube. It gives idea about line of treatment, Medical vs Non medical treatment(Hearing aid use).

Middle ear anatomy with clearly showing eutachian tube.

Right candidate to use hearing aids/ When to use hearing aid/ What is the right time to start using hearing aid?

Person with mild to profound hearing loss, above 30 db Hearing loss with dificiencie in hearing others conversation.

 Unable to discriminate against similar kinds of words offend.

Asking for repetition.

Unable to follow Dialogues/ Need turn up your tv volume.

Tilting ear towards the source of the sound.

Even tinnitus patients sometimes can get relief from hearing aids.

Congenitally deaf child.

Unable/Non willing patients for surgery.

Tympanometry test

BTE (Behind The Ear) :

BTE hearing aids are reliable and offer greater fitting flexibility. They fit comfortably behind the ear while amplified sound passes down a tube to a customized earmold which fits in your ear. Because they are larger they can accommodate bigger batteries for longer life and larger amplifiers for maximum amplification.

CIC (Completely In The Canal) :

CIC micro technology allows this type of hearing aid to be worn deep inside the ear canal. They are almost invisible when worn. However, not everyone can wear a CIC. Consult your hearing health care professional to determine if this type of hearing aid is suitable for you.

ITC (In The Canal) :

ITC hearing aids are custom made to fit the size and shape of your ear canal. ITC aids offer variety of amplification solution that would have previously required a larger instrument.

What to expect from hearing aids/Realistic expectation from hearing aids:-

Successful hearing aid use requires adjustment periods from 5 weeks to six months.

Do not compare hearing aid users with normal hearing.

Do not compare a hearing aid users with another hearing aid user.

Keep positive attitude and enjoy the sounds you have been missing earlier days without hearing aids.

Be patient with hearing aid give time to your brain to relearn how to hear again with artificial device.

Keep using your hearing aids every day as suggested by Qualified Audiologist.

Do not buy hearing aid from open market/online/ Non Qualified Person.